University of Massachusetts, Department of Economics, Amherst, MA
We revisit the hypotheses of unequal exchange and deterioratingterms of trade in the specific context of import-intensive, export-led strategies of developing countries which rely on integration intoGVCs for access to markets in developed countries using a stylizedtwo-country two-commodity Classical- Marxian trade model. Twosources of asymmetry can be distinguished: market power arisingfrom the competition between suppliers that depresses the prices atwhich the final good is supplied; and monopoly power arising fromthe lead firms control and ownership of intangible assets includingbrand and design. The model explores some implications of thesetwo sources of asymmetry.
Unequal Exchange Global Value Chains Classical TradeModel