Klauber, Hannah Holub, Felix Koch, Nicolas Pestel, Nico Ritter, Nolan Rohlf, Alexander
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers No. 14376
Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn
We examine the persistence of the impact of early-life exposure to air pollution on children's health from birth to school enrollment using administrative public health insurance records covering one third of all children in Germany. For identification, we exploit air quality improvements caused by the implementation of Low Emission Zones, a policy imposing driving restrictions on high-emission vehicles. Our results indicate that children exposed to cleaner air around birth require less medication for at least five years. The initially latent health response materializes only gradually in lower medication usage, leaving important but subtle health benefits undetected in common measures of infant health.
policy evaluation cohort study air pollution health children Low Emission Zone