Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/236248
Authors: 
Bellemare, Charles
Kyui, Natalia
Lacroix, Guy
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 14217
Publisher: 
Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn
Abstract: 
We show that survey and administrative data-based estimates of a panel data model of earnings, employment, and outmigration yield very different qualitative and quantitative predictions. Survey-based estimates substantially overpredict outmigration, in particular for lower performing immigrants. Consequently, employment and earnings of immigrants who remain in the country are overpredicted relative to model predictions from administrative data. Importantly, estimates from both data sources find opposite self-selection mechanisms into outmigration. Differences hold despite using the same cohort, survey period, and observable characteristics. Differences in predictions are driven by difficulties of properly separating non-random sample attrition from selective outmigration in survey data.
Subjects: 
sample attrition
outmigration
measurement errors
employment and earnings
JEL: 
C33
J31
J15
J61
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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