Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/233480
Authors: 
Baert, Stijn
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
GLO Discussion Paper No. 828
Abstract: 
This article discusses the evolution of key labour market indicators in the EU-27 countries between 2019 and 2020, i.e. between the year before the covid-19 crisis broke out and the year in which it impacted the economy heavily. Whereas earlier policy-oriented studies have dealt with the evolution of unemployment in 2020, often country by country, this article focuses on the evolution of unemployment as well as inactivity across European countries. Indeed, previous crises have typically lead not only to more unemployment but also to larger numbers of discouraged unemployed and thus more inactivity. It appears that the Southern European countries, in particular, recorded increases in inactivity, while the Baltic States experienced higher unemployment. In many other countries, unemployment and inactivity remained remarkably stable despite covid-19.
Subjects: 
unemployment
inactivity
employment
covid-19
iceberg decomposition
discouragement effect
JEL: 
J64
J23
J24
J68
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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