Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/232944
Authors: 
Asatryan, Zareh
Baskaran, Thushyanthan
Hufschmidt, Patrick
Stöcker, Alexander
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
ZEW Discussion Papers No. 21-030
Abstract: 
We study the long-run implications of regional and ethnic favoritism in Africa. Combining geocoded individual-level survey data from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) with data on national leaders' birthplaces across 41 African countries, we explore the educational attainment of adults who were exposed to favoritism at various points during their life. We find that generic male respondents exposed to regional favoritism during their adolescence have higher educational attainment later in life. This higher human capital accumulated by men leads to more stable employment. For generic women, we observe no beneficial effects of regional favoritism. However, those women who belong to the same ethnic group as their national leader witness an increase in their educational attainment. These results indicate that regular inhabitants rather than only a narrow elite benefit from regional favoritism.
Subjects: 
Favoritism
human capital
gender discrimination
democracy
spatiality
Africa
JEL: 
D73
J24
R11
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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