Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/232824
Authors: 
Gallen, Yana
Wasserman, Melanie
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 14072
Abstract: 
This paper estimates gender differences in access to informal information regarding the labor market. We conduct a large-scale field experiment in which real college students seek information from 10,000 working professionals about various career paths, and we randomize whether a professional receives a message from a male or a female student. We focus the experimental design and analysis on two career attributes that prior research has shown to differentially affect the labor market choices of women: the extent to which a career accommodates work/life balance and has a competitive culture. When students ask broadly for information about a career, we find that female students receive substantially more information on work/life balance relative to male students. This gender difference persists when students disclose that they are concerned about work/life balance. In contrast, professionals mention workplace culture to male and female students at similar rates. After the study, female students are more dissuaded from their preferred career path than male students, and this difference is in part explained by professionals' greater emphasis on work/life balance when responding to female students. Finally, we elicit students' preferences for professionals and find that gender differences in information provision would remain if students contacted their most preferred professionals.
Subjects: 
career information
gender
discrimination
correspondence study
JEL: 
C93
J16
J24
J71
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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