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|dc.contributor.author||Johnson, Daniel K.N.||en_US|
|dc.description.abstract||This paper examines the post-War Summer and Winter Olympic Games in order to determine theeconomic and political determinants of national participation, of female participation in particular, and ofsuccess at the Games (i.e., medal counts). Compared to the Summer Games, Winter participationlevels are driven more by income and less by population, have less host nation bias and a greater effectof climate. Roughly similar factors determine medal count success, although single party and communistregimes win far more medals (and gold medals) in both seasons than can be attributed to other factors.We find no large significant differences between types of athletic events (e.g. luge versus nordic skiing).We estimate that major participating nations requires a $260 rise in income per capita to send an extraparticipant. Similarly the "cost" of an extra medal is $1700 per capita and $4750 per capita for anadditional gold medal. Predictions for participation and medal counts (including gold medals inparticular) for the 2002 Salt Lake City Games are presented as a test of our analysis.||en_US|
|dc.relation.ispartofseries|||aWorking Papers / Wellesley College, Department of Economics |x2002,02||en_US|
|dc.title||A Tale of Two Seasons: Participation and Medal Counts at the Summer and Winter Olympic Games||en_US|
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