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Chammas, Cristiane Benedetti
Hernandez, José Mauro da Costa
Year of Publication: 
[Journal:] Innovation & Management Review [ISSN:] 2515-8961 [Volume:] 16 [Year:] 2019 [Issue:] 2 [Pages:] 143-160
Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of transformational and instrumental leadership on the individual performance of the employee and the financial performance in Brazilian startups. Design/methodology/approach - The adopted methodological construction strategy was structural equation modeling, with the purpose of applying the model to primary data collected from a sample of leaders of Brazilian startups (n = 126). Findings - Results suggest that when leadership types are analyzed separately, both directly influence employee performance. Originality/value - This study has four main contributions: to test the influence of the two leadership styles on employee performance and thus to help advance the theoretical understanding of leadership; to perform this test in the context of Brazilian startups; to equip professionals with more information about the effects of crucial leadership types on individual type of employee performance; and to expand knowledge for recruitment and managerial training in initial-stage companies.
Transformational leadership
Instrumental leadership
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