Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/229848
Authors: 
Krekel, Christian
Rechlitz, Julia
Rode, Johannes
Zerrahn, Alexander
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research No. 1116
Abstract: 
Although there is strong support for renewable energy plants, they are often met with local resistance. We quantify the externalities of renewable energy plants using well-being data. We focus on the example of biogas, one of the most frequently deployed technologies besides wind and solar. To this end, we combine longitudinal household data with novel panel data on more than 13, 000 installations in Germany. Identification rests on a spatial difference-in-differences design exploiting exact geographical coordinates of households, biogas installations and wind direction and intensity. We find limited evidence for negative externalities: impacts are moderate in size and spatially confined to a radius of 2, 000 metres around plants. We discuss implications for research and regional planning, in particular minimum setback distances and potential monetary compensations.
Subjects: 
Renewables
Biogas
Externalities
Social Acceptance
Wellbeing
Spatial Analysis
JEL: 
C23
Q42
Q51
R20
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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