Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/229589
Authors: 
Bailey, Michael
Johnston, Drew
Koenen, Martin
Kuchler, Theresa
Russel, Dominic
Stroebel, Johannes
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper No. 8771
Abstract: 
We explore how social network exposure to COVID-19 cases shapes individuals’ social distancing behavior during the early months of the ongoing pandemic. We work with de-identified data from Facebook to show that U.S. users whose friends live in areas with worse coronavirus outbreaks reduce their mobility more than otherwise similar users whose friends live in areas with smaller outbreaks. The effects are quantitatively large: a one standard deviation increase in friend-exposure to COVID-19 cases early in the pandemic results in a 1.2 percentage point increase in the probability that an individual stays home on a given day. As the pandemic progresses, changes in friend-exposure drive changes in social distancing behavior. Given the evolving nature and geography of the pandemic—and hence friend-exposure — these results rule out many alternative explanations for the observed relationships. We also analyze data on public posts and membership in groups advocating to “reopen” the economy to show that our findings can be explained by friend-exposure raising awareness about the risks of the disease and inducing individuals to participate in mitigating public health behavior.
Subjects: 
social networks
peer effects
Covid-19
social distancing
JEL: 
I00
D83
D85
H00
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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