Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/229391
Authors: 
Khurana, Saloni
Mahajan, Kanika
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Working Paper No. 2020/167
Abstract: 
We examine data for urban workers in the non-agricultural sector across three decades, 1983-2017, and find that earnings inequality increased during 1983-2004, was largely stable during 2004-11, and decreased during 2011-17. We explore whether decline in routine jobs and change in demand for skills has shaped evolution of earnings inequality in India. We rule out earnings polarization as an explanation for rising earnings inequality during 1983-2004, and then use Shapley and recentred influence functions (RIF) decomposition methods to decompose the change in Gini into the contribution from change in worker demographics and routine task intensity and the accompanying changes in returns to these characteristics. Our results show that changes in returns to education and routine task intensity explain a small part of the trends in wage inequality. Hence, in the Indian context, institutional factors may have played a bigger role in shaping wage inequality.
Subjects: 
skills
tasks
earnings inequality
decomposition
India
JEL: 
D63
J21
J24
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
ISBN: 
978-92-9256-924-2
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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