Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/229339
Authors: 
van Seventer, Dirk
Tarp, Finn
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Working Paper No. 2020/115
Abstract: 
This paper considers the impacts of agro-industry development and international trade on income distribution in Myanmar, focusing on low-income rural households. We use a social accounting matrix multiplier (SAM) decomposition model featuring detailed economic linkages. After describing the Myanmar economy through the lens of a SAM for 2017, we focus on agriculture development. Our results suggest that low-income rural households benefit considerably from exogenous increases in crop and agro-processing activities. A full decomposition of the multipliers indicates that low-income rural farming households link strongly to agro-processing, mainly through spillover and feedback effects. However, agro-processing is at a low level of development in Myanmar. We then consider international trade, which reveals high rates of import leakages and that broad export improvement would benefit low-income rural farm households more than other households. This suggests that investment in agro-processing value chain development would be beneficial overall and particularly for low-income rural households.
Subjects: 
social accounting matrix
decomposition
Myanmar
JEL: 
E16
O1
O2
O53
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
ISBN: 
978-92-9256-872-6
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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