Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/228656
Authors: 
Ho, Mun
Britz, Wolfgang
Delzeit, Ruth
Leblanc, Florian
Roson, Roberto
Schuenemann, Franziska
Weitzel, Matthias
Year of Publication: 
2020
Citation: 
[Journal:] Journal of Global Economic Analysis [ISSN:] 2377-2999 [Volume:] 5 [Issue:] 1 [Pages:] 63-108
Abstract: 
Modelling and projecting consumption, investment and government demand by detailed commodities in CGE models poses many data and methodological challenges. We review the state of knowledge of modelling consumption of commodities (price and income elasticities and demographics), as well as the historical trends that we should be able to explain. We then discuss the current approaches taken in CGE models to project the trends in demand at various levels of commodity disaggregation. We examine the pros and cons of the various approaches to adjust parameters over time or using functions of time and suggest a research agenda to improve modelling and projection. We compare projections out to 2050 using LES, CES and AIDADS functions in the same CGE model to illustrate the size of the differences. In addition, we briefly discuss the allocation of total investment and government demand to individual commodities.
Subjects: 
Consumption demand systems
Long-term baseline
CGE models
JEL: 
D12
D58
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Document Type: 
Article
Document Version: 
Published Version

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