Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/228590
Authors: 
Guzi, Martin
Kahanec, Martin
Ulceluse, Magdalena M.
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
GLO Discussion Paper No. 757
Abstract: 
This chapter provides the historical context for the past half-century in Europe focusing specifically on the link between migration and economic development and inequality. The literature review suggests that there are several channels through which migration affects economic inequality between countries in one or the other direction. The net effects are an open empirical question and are likely to depend on the economic, demographic and institutional and policy contexts; sources, types and selectivity of migration, as well as responses of the receiving societies as well as migrants themselves. We undertake an empirical analysis and find that immigration has contributed to reducing inequality within the 25 EU countries over the 2003-2017 period. As the EU attracted relatively highly qualified immigrants throughout this period, our results are consistent with the ameliorating effect of skilled migration on within-country inequality, as predicted by theory.
Subjects: 
immigration
inequality
labour mobility
income distribution
EU enlargement
JEL: 
D31
D60
O15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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