Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/228517
Authors: 
Abosedra, Salah
Fakih, Ali
Haimoun, Nathir
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
GLO Discussion Paper No. 754
Abstract: 
While most civil wars seem to have an economic basis, they are generally pushed by political, ethnic, and religious differences. This paper attempts to identify the drivers of the Syrian civil war of 2011 by investigating the role of ethnic divisions in starting a conflict. We integrate a variety of variables such as excluded population, power-sharing, anocracy, ethnic groups in addition to a number of economic factors. The main results indicate that ethnicity does not seem to be a very important factor in starting both the civil and ethnic conflict in Syria, but it shows that the lack of power-sharing to be the most significant factor. Therefore, where power in Syria was not inclusive and shared among different demographic segments, such as religious or urban groups, it created upheavals between different groups, as some groups disidentify with the state, paving the way to causing the conflict. Economic factors also provide an explanation of the onset of conflicts in Syria. The paper offers detailed policy suggestions that could serve as a recovery mechanism for the Syrian crisis and a preventive measurement for its reoccurrence.
Subjects: 
Armed Conflicts
Ethnic Conflicts
Ethnic Groups
Power-Sharing
Syria
JEL: 
D74
F51
H56
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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