Armelius, Hanna Claussen, Carl Andreas Hendry, Scott
Bank of Canada Staff Discussion Paper No. 2020-2
In this paper, we discuss whether the ability of individuals to convert commercial bank money (i.e., bank deposits) into central bank money is fundamentally important for the monetary system. This is a significant question since the use of cash - the only form of central bank money that the public currently has access to - is declining rapidly in many countries. The question is highly relevant to the discussion around whether central banks need to issue a retail central bank digital currency (CBDC). We conclude that depositors' need for control could be a reason why cash or a CBDC is essential, even in countries with strong measures safeguarding commercial bank money.
Bank notes Digital Currencies and fintech Financial services Payment clearing and settlement systems