Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/227357
Authors: 
Araujo, Maria Daniela
Heineck, Guido
Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannú
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 13830
Abstract: 
Since 2007, the Ecuadorian government has required teacher candidates to pass national skill and content knowledge tests before they are allowed to participate in merit-based selection competitions for tenured positions at public schools in an attempt to raise teacher quality. We evaluate the impact of this policy using linked administrative teacher information to data from a unique experimental study where almost 15,000 kindergarten children were randomly assigned to their teachers in the 2012-2013 school year in Ecuador. We find positive and significant effects of test-screened tenured teachers of at least a 0.105 standard deviation for language and a 0.085 standard deviation for math, which persist even after controlling for teacher education, experience, cognitive ability, personality traits and classroom practices.
Subjects: 
teacher quality
education policy evaluation
Latin America
JEL: 
I20
I21
I25
I28
J45
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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