Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/224949
Authors: 
Nillesen, Eleonora
Grimm, Michael
Goedhuys, Micheline
Reitmann, Ann-Kristin
Meysonnat, Aline
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
Passauer Diskussionspapiere - Volkswirtschaftliche Reihe V-83-20
Abstract: 
We use an implicit association test (IAT) next to a set of direct survey questions to measure implicit and explicit gender attitudes in Tunisia. Tunisia is among the most advanced countries in the Arab region in terms of women rights and legal reforms that shall strengthen the position of women. Yet, there still exists a tension between the law and what is practiced. We examine the malleability of these attitudes using (i) a randomized video intervention and (ii) natural variation in interviewer characteristics with respect to gender and perceived religiosity. The video has no average impact, which is consistent with the idea that in a highly polarized society like Tunisia such an intervention only affects attitudes of specific groups in a society. We indeed find that the video mitigates the implicit gender bias only among a specific subpopulation: conservative women. We also confirm the presence of interviewer effects, both for implicit and explicit attitudes. These effects are more pronounced for explicit attitudes, which may suggest social desirability at work. We discuss the implications of our findings for further research and policies targeted at gender attitudes.
Subjects: 
women's empowerment
implicit association test
interviewer effects
Middle East and North Africa region
JEL: 
C83
D91
O12
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
578.98 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.