Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/224915
Authors: 
Blum, Johannes
Potrafke, Niklas
Year of Publication: 
2019
Citation: 
[Journal:] Defence and Peace Economics [ISSN:] 1476-8267 [Issue:] Latest Articles [Pages:] 1-19
Abstract: 
We examine whether changes of government influence compliance with international agreements. We investigate compliance with the NATO two percent target to which all NATO countries committed themselves during the NATO summit in Wales in 2014. The dataset includes the military expenditure by NATO countries over the period 2010–2018. The results suggest that countries that do not (yet) comply with the two percent target have smaller growth rates in military expenditure relative to GDP when they experienced a large change of government, e.g. a change from a rightwing to a leftwing government, than countries that did not experience such a large change of government since the NATO summit in 2014. Countries that experienced a large change of government are, thus, less likely to comply with the two percent target. Future research should examine the credibility problem of national governments in other international agreements too.
Subjects: 
International agreements
compliance
credibility
time inconsistency
change of government
military expenditure
two percent target
NATO
burden sharing
JEL: 
D72
D74
H41
H56
P16
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article
Document Version: 
Published Version

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