Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/224743
Authors: 
Kammerlander, Andreas
Schulze, Günther G.
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion Paper Series 39
Abstract: 
Does globalization lead to environmental degradation? What is the role of democracy for environmental performance and do left-wing governments really care more about the environment? Using a comprehensive measure of environmental performance, we test these three hypotheses for a panel of 134 countries for the period 2007-2016. Our findings show that globalization leads to better environmental performances. Interestingly, this result is predominantly driven by social, not by economic or political globalization. Although we find evidence that left-wing governments perform better than right-wing governments, it is centrist governments that have the highest environmental performance. The political system, i.e. democracy, turns out insignificant in all specifications.
Subjects: 
Environment
Globalization
Political Orientation
Democracy
Environmental performance index
KOF globalization index
JEL: 
F64
O13
Q5
Q56
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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