Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/224305
Title (translated): 
Labor impact of Wal-Mart on labor productivity: an analysis by municipality in Mexico
Authors: 
Castillo Girón, Víctor Manuel
Machuca Martínez, Manuel
Ayala Ramirez, Suhey
Year of Publication: 
2019
Citation: 
[Journal:] Small Business International Review (SBIR) [ISSN:] 2531-0046 [Volume:] 3 [Year:] 2019 [Issue:] 2 [Pages:] 34-48
Abstract: 
Si bien antes de los años 1990 ya había participación de grandes empresas minoristas en México, la llegada de empresas transnacionales, como Wal-Mart, generó una reconfiguración en la distribución de alimentos y, con ello, una expectativa del impacto directo sobre algunas variables del sector. Nuestro objetivo es determinar si la presencia de Wal-Mart implica una mayor productividad por trabajador. Para ello se construyó un modelo de probabilidad logística ordinal cuyos resultados a nivel municipal muestran una relación positiva y estadísticamente significativa, es decir, la probabilidad de encontrar un mayor nivel de productividad aumenta con una mayor presencia de dicha empresa.
Abstract (Translated): 
Although before the 1990s there was already participation of large retail companies in Mexico, the arrival of transnational companies, such as Wal-Mart, generated a reconfiguration in food distribution and, with this, an expectation of the direct impact on some sector variables. Our objective is to establish if Wal-Mart´s presence involves a higher productivity per worker. To achieve this goal, an ordinal logistic probability model was constructed and its results at municipal level show a positive and statistically significant relationship, that is, the probability of finding a higher level of productivity increases with a higher presence of the above company.
Subjects: 
productivity by worker
competitiveness
Wal-Mart
commerce
productividad por trabajador
competitividad
Wal-Mart
comercio
JEL: 
D21
E23
L1
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
Document Type: 
Article

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