Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/224053
Authors: 
Bellani, Luna
Hager, Anselm
Maurer, Stephan
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 13611
Abstract: 
This paper documents the persistence of the Southern slave owning elite in political power after the end of the American Civil War. We draw on a database of Texan state legislators between 1860 and 1900 and link them to their or their ancestors' slaveholdings in 1860. We then show that former slave owners made up more than half of nearly each legislature's members until the late 1890s. Legislators with slave owning backgrounds differ systematically from those without, being more likely to represent the Democratic party and more likely to work in an agricultural occupation. Regional characteristics matter for this persistence, as counties with higher soil suitability for growing cotton on average elect more former slave owners.
Subjects: 
wealth inequality
elites and development
US South
intergenerational persistence
slavery
JEL: 
D72
J62
N31
H4
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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