Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/223826
Authors: 
Lewandowski, Piotr
Park, Albert
Schotte, Simone
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 13384
Abstract: 
Studies of the effects of technology and globalization on employment and inequality commonly assume that occupations are identical around the world in the job tasks they require. To relax this assumption, we develop a regression-based methodology to predict the country-specific routine task intensity (RTI) of occupations based on survey data collected in 46 low-, middle- and high-income countries. We find that within the same occupation jobs in low- and middle-income countries are more routine intensive than in high-income countries. We attribute these differences mainly to lower technology use in less-developed countries. Using predicted country-specific RTI measures for 87 countries that together employ more than 2.5 billion workers, we find that from 2000 to 2017 the shift away from routine work and towards non-routine work in low- and middle-income countries was much slower than in the high-income countries. The gap in average RTI increased and high-income countries remain the dominant provider of non-routine work. In contrast, assuming that occupations are identical around the world significantly overestimates the role of non-routine tasks in low- and middle-income countries and leads to an implausible conclusion that they have become the dominant supplier of non-routine work.
Subjects: 
de-routinization
economic development
global division of labour
task content of jobs
skills
JEL: 
J21
J23
J24
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
1.22 MB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.