Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/223809
Authors: 
Cole, Matthew A.
Ozgen, Ceren
Strobl, Eric
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 13367
Abstract: 
In light of the existing preliminary evidence of a link between Covid-19 and poor air quality, which is largely based upon correlations, we estimate the relationship between long term air pollution exposure and Covid-19 in 355 municipalities in the Netherlands. Using detailed secondary and administrative data we find compelling evidence of a positive relationship between air pollution, and particularly PM2.5 concentrations, and Covid-19 cases, hospital admissions and deaths. This relationship persists after controlling for a wide range of explanatory variables. Our results indicate that a 1 μ/m3 increase in PM2.5 concentrations is associated with 9.4 more Covid-19 cases, 3.0 more hospital admissions, and 2.3 more deaths. The relationship between Covid-19 and air pollution withstands a number of sensitivity and robustness exercises including instrumenting pollution to mitigate potential endogeneity and modelling spatial spillovers using spatial econometric techniques.
Subjects: 
COVID-19
air pollution
Netherlands
spatial spillovers
JEL: 
I21
I23
Q53
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
8.28 MB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.