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Autor:innen: 
Orrenius, Pia
Datum: 
2019
Quellenangabe: 
[Journal:] IZA World of Labor [ISSN:] 2054-9571 [Article No.:] 81v2 [Publisher:] Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) [Place:] Bonn [Year:] 2019
Verlag: 
Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn
Zusammenfassung: 
Border enforcement of immigration laws raises the costs of illegal immigration, while interior enforcement also lowers its benefits. Used together, border and interior enforcement therefore reduce the net benefits of illegal immigration and should lower the probability that an individual will decide to illegally migrate. While empirical studies find that border and interior enforcement serve as deterrents to illegal immigration, immigration enforcement is costly and carries unintended consequences, such as a decrease in circular migration, an increase in smuggling, and higher prevalence of off-the-books employment and use of fraudulent and falsified documents.
Schlagwörter: 
illegal migration
border enforcement
interior enforcement
JEL: 
J15
J61
K37
K42
Persistent Identifier der Erstveröffentlichung: 
Dokumentart: 
Article

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