[Journal:] International Political Science Review [Volume:] 40 [Issue:] 5 [Pages:] 643-658 [ISSN:] 0192-5121
Does the geographical concentration of ethnic minorities influence their descriptive representation in closed-list systems? Counterintuitive to the idea that single-member district electoral rules are necessary for minorities’ geographical representation, we argue that, in closed-list systems, parties are incentivised to allocate promising list positions to those minority candidates who are based in geographical areas where minorities concentrate. Empirically, we provide a case study of the list positions of dual candidates of immigrant origin running in the German mixed-member system in 2013. Results show a relationship between the list positions of candidates of immigrant origin and geographical concentrations of immigrant-origin residents.
descriptive representation mixed-member systems immigrant-origin candidates geographical concentrations ethnic minorities closed-list systems