Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/220353
Authors: 
Abeliansky, Ana
Strulik, Holger
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
cege Discussion Papers 397
Abstract: 
In this paper, we investigate health and aging before and after retirement for specific occupational groups. We use five waves of the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) dataset and construct a frailty index for elderly men and women from 10 European countries. We classify occupation by low vs. high education, blue vs. white collar color, and by high vs. low physical or psychosocial job burden. Controlling for individual fixed effects, we find that, regardless of the used classification, workers from the first (low status) group display more health deficits at any age and accumulate health deficits faster than workers from the second (high status) group. We instrument retirement by statutory retirement ages ("normal" and "early") and find that the health of workers in low status occupations benefits greatly from retirement, whereas retirement effects for workers in high status occupations are small and frequently insignificant. We also find that workers from low status occupations accumulate health deficits faster after retirement, i.e. we find evidence for an occupational health gradient that widens with increasing age, before and after retirement.
Subjects: 
health deficits
occupation
retirement
frailty index
Europe
JEL: 
I10
I19
J13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
495.31 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.