Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/216479
Authors: 
Gorman, Emma
Walker, Ian
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 13167
Publisher: 
Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn
Abstract: 
Schools vary in quality, and high-performing schools tend to be oversubscribed: there are more applicants than places available. In this paper, we use nationally representative cohort data linked to administrative education records to study the consequences of failing to gain admission to one’s first-choice secondary school in England. Our empirical strategy leverages features of the institutional setting and the literature on school choice to make a case for a selection-on-observables identifying assumption. Failing to gain a place at a preferred school had null to small impacts on short-run academic attainment, but was associated with large reductions in mental health and increased fertility in early in adulthood. These effects are especially pronounced in areas which deployed a manipulable assignment mechanism to allocate school places, where we detected larger detrimental effects on high-stakes examination outcomes. A potential channel is increased early engagement in risky behaviours. Our results show that schools are important in shaping more than test scores, and that the workings of the school admission system play a fundamental role in ensuring access to good schools.
Subjects: 
risky behaviours
market design
human capital
school choice
education
JEL: 
I21
I24
J24
H44
D47
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
344.54 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.