The pluralism debate in economics that has been going on for two decades has not yet been able to provide an exhaustive answer to the question of how to deal meaningfully with the phenomenon of a real plurality of paradigms, theories and methods in a fragmented scientific community. Representatives of heterodoxy see themselves displaced from important fields of teaching and research by the so-called neoclassical mainstream, despite a meanwhile institutionalized "Pluralist Economics". Thus, the image of an enemy is constructed, whose blurred contours are worked out here under five aspects. It is shown that problems of perception between orthodoxy and heterodoxy are of a mutual nature. Beyond the problems extensively discussed in the literature, this also raises questions concerning the pluralistic conception of heterodoxy.