Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/21507
Authors: 
Chiswick, Barry R.
Miller, Paul W.
Year of Publication: 
2002
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion paper series 449
Abstract: 
This paper is concerned with the determinants and consequences of immigrant/linguistic concentrations (enclaves). The reasons for the formation of these concentrations are discussed. Hypotheses are developed regarding ?ethnic goods? and the effect of concentrations on the immigrant?s language skills, as well as the effects on immigrant earnings of destination language skills and the linguistic concentration. These hypotheses are tested using PUMS data from the 1990 U.S. Census on adult male immigrants from non-English speaking countries. Linguistic concentrations reduce the immigrant?s own English language skills. Moreover, immigrant?s earnings are lower the lower their English-language proficiency and the greater the linguistic concentration in their origin language of the area in which they live. The adverse effects on earnings of poor destination language skills and of immigrant concentrations exist independently of each other.
Subjects: 
Immigrants
earnings
language skills
enclaves
ethnic/immigrant concentrations
ethnic goods
United States
JEL: 
J15
J61
J31
J24
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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