Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/21486
Authors: 
Chiswick, Barry R.
Lee, Yew Liang
Miller, Paul W.
Year of Publication: 
2002
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion paper series 471
Abstract: 
This paper is concerned with the determinants of English language proficiency among immigrants in a longitudinal survey for Australia. It focuses on both visa category and variables derived from an economic model of the determinants of destination language proficiency among immigrants. Skills tested and economic immigrants have the greatest proficiency shortly after immigration, followed by family-based visa recipients, with refugees having the lowest proficiency. These differences disappear by 3 – years after immigration for speaking skills, but they persist for reading and writing skills. The variables generated from the model of destination language proficiency are in part predictions of visa category and are more important statistically for explaining proficiency. The effects of some variables on language skills increase with duration in these longitudinal data. In particular, the efficiency variable, age, and gender, which may be reflecting differences in labor market attachment, increase in importance over time.
Subjects: 
immigration
language proficiency
visa categories
Australia
JEL: 
J24
J61
J18
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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