Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/214644
Authors: 
Chen, Siyan
Desiderio, Saul
Year of Publication: 
2020
Citation: 
[Journal:] Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal [ISSN:] 1864-6042 [Volume:] 14 [Year:] 2020 [Issue:] 2020-9 [Pages:] 1-27
Abstract: 
As suggested by recent empirical evidence, one of the causes behind the widespread rise of inequality experienced by OECD countries in the last few decades may have been the increased flexibility of labor markets. The authors explore this hypothesis through the analysis of a stock-flow consistent agent-based macroeconomic model able to reproduce with good statistical precision several empirical regularities. They employ three different sensitivity analysis techniques, which indicate that increasing job contract duration (i.e. decreasing flexibility) has the effect of reducing income and wealth inequality. However, the authors also find that this effect is diminished by tight monetary policy and low credit supply. The last result suggests that the final outcome of structural reforms aimed at changing labor flexibility can depend on the macroeconomic environment in which these are implemented.
Subjects: 
Economic inequality
labor market flexibility
monetary policy
agent-based models
sensitivity analysis
JEL: 
C15
C63
D31
E50
J01
J41
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article

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