Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/210940
Authors: 
Gardberg, Malin
Heyman, Fredrik
Norbäck, Pehr-Johan
Persson, Lars
Year of Publication: 
2019
Series/Report no.: 
IFN Working Paper 1299
Abstract: 
We examine the relationship between occupational automation probabilities and employment dynamics over nearly two decades. We show that employment and wage shares of occupations with a higher automation risk have declined in Sweden over the period 1996-2013. This has occurred both in the aggregate private business sector but also within firms, where the wage share changes have been larger than the employment share changes. Combining the automation risk in workers' occupations with individual worker characteristics, we find substantial heterogeneity. This includes that education dampens the automation risk of workers, as the average automation probability of low-skilled workers is almost twice as high as of university graduates. Employment shares in high-risk occupations have moreover declined across all wage levels, and most so in high-wage occupations.
Subjects: 
Automation
Digitization
Employment shares
Wage shares
JEL: 
J31
J62
O33
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
316.88 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.