Grandia, Roel Hänling, Petra Russo, Michelina Lo Aberg, Pontus
Year of Publication:
ECB Occasional Paper 218
This paper provides an overview of supply and demand factors influencing the availability of euro-denominated debt instruments that qualify as high-quality liquid assets (HQLA) in the euro area. The paper estimates the supply of HQLA issued by the public and private sectors as well as the aggregated impact of Eurosystem monetary policy operations on the amount and composition of HQLA held by banks and other economic agents. An assessment of the main demand factors is also presented. Finally, the paper provides some insights into the interaction with and implications for the Eurosystem monetary policy implementation framework in the longer run.
regulatory changes central bank policies bank regulation credit operations asset purchase programme