Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/204604
Authors: 
Ardalan, Aria
Kessing, Sebastian
Year of Publication: 
2019
Series/Report no.: 
Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 189-19
Abstract: 
We study the pass-through of indirect taxes on beer prices in the European Union (EU). Exploiting the variation of value added tax rates, beer excise tax rates, and beer prices in a panel of monthly data from 1996 to 2016 of all current 28 EU member states, we estimate the tax pass-through of specific beer excise taxes and ad valorem value added taxes (VAT). VAT is under-shifted at a rate of approximately 70%. Specific excise taxes are almost fully shifted to prices in the EU, but, in contrast to the empirical findings for the US, there is no evidence of over-shifting. The difference between the two tax pass-through rates points towards the importance of imperfect competition in the European beer market. Excise tax increases are passed through faster and at a higher rate than excise tax decreases.
Subjects: 
Tax incidence
Pass-through
VAT
Excise Taxes
EU
Beer
JEL: 
H22
H23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
682.88 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.