Landesmann, Michael Leitner, Sebastian Stehrer, Robert
Year of Publication:
wiiw Working Paper 20
This study looks at the relationship between trade integration and labour markets for a group of OECD economies (USA, Japan, France, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom). We examine particularly trade relationships between these OECD economies and different groups of 'Southern' economies Southern Europe, the advanced South East Asian economies, a larger group of developing and catching-up economies, and transition countries from Central and Eastern Europe. The analysis uses a disaggregated data-set comprising 23 manufacturing industries for which production, employment and trade statistics were compiled. It looks at the differentiated pattern of trade integration over the period 1980-96 and examines labour market effects (on employment and on wages) both at a descriptive level and by means of econometric analysis. Evidence for trade effects on labour market variables is found, although the pattern of trade integration proceeds quite differently from what a Heckscher-Ohlin framework would expect. The pattern is much more compatible with a dynamic Ricardian model with catching-up features.
trade liberalization labour markets OECD economies North-South trade