Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/202879
Authors: 
De Stefani, Alessia
Moertel, Julia
Year of Publication: 
2019
Series/Report no.: 
Danmarks Nationalbank Working Papers 139
Abstract: 
We study how a reduction in financial constraints faced by homeowners affects consumption, and in turn employment creation and the skill composition of the workforce over the business cycle. We leverage a wide set of Danish administrative registries, and implement a difference-in-differences strategy based on the introduction of a new mortgage product in 2003 to estimate the causal effect of a relaxation of homeowners' borrowing constraints on consumer expenditure. The estimated exogenous shift in consumption, which varies across municipalities and over time, is a strong predictor of the growth in employment for local establishments. However, the positions created due to a credit-induced demand shock differ from pre-trends: they require lower skill levels and are filled by younger, less experienced and less educated workers. These workers, particularly those filling low-skilled positions between 2004 and 2007, face earlier separations and a higher degree of unemployment ex-post.
Subjects: 
Mortgages
consumption
employment
JEL: 
E32
D22
J21
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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