Burkhauser, Richard V. Butler, J. S. Gumus, Gulcin
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers 941
This paper develops dynamic structural models - an option value model and a dynamic programming model - of the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) application timing decision. We estimate the time to application from the point at which a health condition first begins to affect the kind or amount of work that a currently employed person can do. We use Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and restricted access Social Security earnings data for estimation. Based on tests of both in-sample and out-of-sample predictive accuracy, our option value model performs better than both our dynamic programming model and our reduced form hazard model.
Social Security Disability Insurance Health and Retirement Survey option value dynamic programming