Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/201334
Authors: 
Tuhkuri, Joonas
Lööf, Hans
Mohammadi, Ali
Rouvinen, Petri
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
ETLA Report 52
Abstract: 
This paper explores offshoring of firms’ research and development functions. Our analysis employs a previously untapped and unique Eurostat International Sourcing Survey. The results are easy to summarize. First, the magnitude of R&D offshoring is small. Second, a large majority of R&D is offshored within the enterprise group, in contrast to offshoring outside of the enterprise group. Third, most of R&D offshoring from Europe is directed to high-income European countries, not so to low-cost countries in Europe, China, or India. Fourth, R&D jobs do have been lost from offshoring; however, the negative employment impact has been moderate. But the Eurostat International Sourcing Survey does not allow entangling the full net employment effect of R&D offshoring, which could be either negative or positive.
Subjects: 
R&D
Offshoring
Outsourcing
Innovation
Product development
JEL: 
O3
O32
F0
F2
F16
L2
J44
Document Type: 
Research Report
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