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Autoren: 
Kumar, Santosh
Kumar, Kaushalendra
Laxminarayan, Ramanan
Nandi, Arindam
Datum: 
2019
Reihe/Nr.: 
GLO Discussion Paper 358
Zusammenfassung: 
Health at birth is an important indicator of human capital development over the life course. This paper uses longitudinal data from the Young Lives survey and employs instrumental variable regression models to estimate the effect of birth weight on cognitive development during childhood in India. We find that a 10 percent increase in birth weight increases cognitive test score by 8.1 percent or 0.11 standard deviations at ages 5-8 years. Low birth weight infants experienced a lower test score compared with normal birth weight infants. The positive effect of birth weight on a cognitive test score is larger for boys, children from rural or poor households, and those with less-educated mothers. Our findings suggest that health policies designed to improve birth weight could improve human capital in resource-poor settings.
Schlagwörter: 
Birth weight
Test score
Cognition
PPVT
Children
Instrumental variable
India
JEL: 
I12
I15
I18
J13
J24
O12
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

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