Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/197609
Authors: 
Navicke, Jekaterina
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
EUROMOD Working Paper EM11/17
Abstract: 
This paper aims to disentangle the driving factors behind the changes in income inequality in the Baltics since the EU accession, distinguishing between primary income effect, discrete changes in tax-benefit policies and demographic effect. Evaluation of the three effects was based on counterfactual scenarios, which were constructed using taxbenefit microsimulation and re-weighting techniques. Decomposition of the total change in inequality showed that income and policy effects are dominant in the Baltics. Policy effects were inequality reducing before the crisis and for the period after the EU accession as a whole. Income effects were inequality increasing before the crisis and as a whole. Despite rapid demographic changes in the Baltics, the demographic effects on income inequality were marginal and in general inequality-increasing.
Subjects: 
inequality
income
demographic change
policy reform
Baltics
JEL: 
D31
H23
I38
J10
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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