Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/197582
Authors: 
Barrios Cobos, Salvador
Coda Moscarola, Flavia
Figari, Francesco
Gandullia, Luca
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
EUROMOD Working Paper No. EM15/18
Abstract: 
Policy discussions on pension systems generally focus on their sustainability and design, including retirement age, income reference and contributory period, with relatively little attention devoted to the tax treatment of pension contributions and pension benefits. However, tax expenditures - defined as deviations from an agreed benchmark tax system - are widely used in EU Member States, and little is known about their fiscal and distributional impact. This paper quantifies the fiscal and distributional impact of tax expenditures related to public and private contributory pension schemes, affecting both contributions and pension benefits, in 28 European countries using EUROMOD, the EU-wide microsimulation model. We find that pension-related tax expenditures can have a sizeable impact on revenue and strong effects on inequality and poverty. Tax expenditures tend to be progressive on two levels: first, among pensioners, by favoring those with lower incomes, mainly as a result of the preferential treatment given to pension incomes; and, second, among people of working age, through a partial or no deduction of pension contributions, draining resources from those at the top of the income distribution. Moreover, embracing a lifetime perspective, tax expenditures tend to redistribute resources in favor of women and low educated individuals.
Subjects: 
tax expenditures
pensions
microsimulation
EUROMOD
JEL: 
C53
D31
H24
H31
H55
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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