Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/197321
Authors: 
Der Boghossian, Anoush
Year of Publication: 
2019
Series/Report no.: 
WTO Staff Working Paper ERSD-2019-07
Abstract: 
This paper looks at the various trade policies WTO Members have put into place to foster women's economic empowerment. The analysis below is based on the information provided by WTO Members as part of their Trade Policy Review (TPRs) process from 2014 to 2018. Reports from the WTO Secretariat, governments as well as the question and answer sessions were examined for the purpose of this paper.1 In the last 4 years, the trade policies of 111 WTO Members were under review. About 70% of them have reported at least one trade policy targeting women's economic empowerment. Overall, in four years, almost half of the WTO membership has implemented trade policies in support of women (at least one). Most (about 70%) of the WTO Members2 under review have integrated women's empowerment in their national or regional trade strategy. They focused their policy activity to three main areas or sectors: * Financial and non-financial incentives to the private sector and women owned/led Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs): 30% of members3 have focused their trade policies in support of women owned/led companies. * Agriculture and fishery: 15.5 % of members4 under review have included policies in relations with agriculture and fisheries in support of women's empowerment. * Government procurement: 9% of members5 under review have included policies in relations with government procurement in support of women's empowerment.
Subjects: 
gender
international trade
women's economic empowerment
trade policy
WTO
international trade rules
Aid for Trade
JEL: 
F1
F13
F19
O1
O19
Z0
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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