[Journal:] Estudios de Economía [ISSN:] 0718-5286 [Volume:] 44 [Issue:] 1 [Publisher:] Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía [Place:] Santiago de Chile [Year:] 2017 [Pages:] 5-32
Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía, Santiago de Chile
We study the effect of adolescent motherhood on education and labor outcomes among 20-24 year old women in Chile. We identify causal effects of motherhood with family fixed effects using a large data set covering the 1990-2011 period. Teen motherhood has negative effects on education and labor outcomes, and timing of motherhood matters: teen births reduce education outcomes, while young motherhood reduces labor force participation. Labor outcome effects are present among the non-poor, and effects changed between 1990 and 2011. Results highlight the important role of adolescent motherhood in women's human capital accumulation and income inequality.
Adolescent motherhood education labor market teen pregnancy Chile