Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/193314
Authors: 
Martinez, Daniel
Mitnik, Oscar A.
Salgado, Edgar
Scholl, Lynn
Yañez-Pagans, Patricia
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 12020
Abstract: 
Limited access to safe transportation is one of the greatest challenges to labor force participation faced by women in developing countries. This paper quantifies the causal impacts of improved urban transport systems in women´s employment outcomes, looking at Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and elevated light rail investments in the metropolitan region of Lima, Perú. We find large gains in employment and earnings per hour among women, and not for men, due to these investments. Most of the gains arise on the extensive margin, with more women being employed, but employment does not appear to be of higher quality than that for comparison groups. We find also evidence of an increase in the use of public transport. Results are robust to alternative specifications and we do not find evidence that they are driven by neighborhood composition changes. Overall, these findings suggest that infrastructure investments that make it more convenient and safer for women to use public transport can generate important labor market impacts for women who reside in the area of influence of the improved infrastructure.
Subjects: 
urban transport
gender
employment
impact evaluation
JEL: 
J01
J16
O12
R40
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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