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dc.contributor.authorSari, Agusen_US
dc.description.abstractThe US has repeatedly criticized the lack of ?meaningful participation? of developingcountries in the Kyoto Protocol. I discuss the course of negotiations on developingcountry participation between the conferences at Kyoto in 1997 and Marrakech in 2001.The reluctance of developing countries to enter into discussions on quantitative emissionstargets can be explained by the principle of ?common, but differentiated responsibilities?enshrined in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the factthat both per capita cumulative emissions and per capita income are still much lower indeveloping countries than in the industrialized world. Moreover, the Clean DevelopmentMechanism that generates emissions credits for projects in developing countriesclearly has led to a participation of developing countries in greenhouse gas mitigation.However, one major problem for the negotiation strategy of developing countries hasbeen the internal diversity ranging from OPEC countries that actively fight climate policyto the small island states extremely vulnerable to sea level rise. Especially the rapidlyindustrializing countries China, India, Brazil and Indonesia played a key role,stressing their voluntary activities to reduce energy intensity and subsidies for fossil fuels.Least developed countries were unable to muster a common voice. Thus, it was notpossible to leverage resources for adaptation to climate change impacts apart from somevoluntary pledges.en_US
dc.publisher|aHamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) |cHamburgen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries|aHWWA Discussion Paper |x333en_US
dc.subject.keywordInternational climate policyen_US
dc.subject.keywordKyoto Protocolen_US
dc.subject.keyworddeveloping countriesen_US
dc.subject.stwClean Development Mechanismen_US
dc.titleDeveloping Country Participation: The Kyoto-Marrakech Politicsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US

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