Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/191022
Authors: 
Bougette, Patrice
Budzinski, Oliver
Marty, Frédéric
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 119
Abstract: 
This article conducts a detailed analysis of the concept of economic dependence and exploitative abuse based on how their treatment in competition law and economics and their enforcement in European case law have evolved. Although the theoretical roots of these concepts lie in economic theory, these issues have been ignored or considered only scantily in the context of competition law enforcement. An effects-based approach should take these problems into account and could provide insights into how to portray the impacts of these abuses. We draw on two examples - from the agri-food industries and the digital economy - of relevant economic dependence issues. This paper highlights the existence of a paradox: although industrial organization models provide relevant tools to characterize these abuses, assess their effects, and devise remedies, it seems that they are seldom used by competition law enforcers.
Subjects: 
exploitative abuse
abuse of economic dependence
competition law
European Commission
effects-based approach
digital economy
JEL: 
K21
L12
L40
L42
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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