Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Anna, Burgerné Gimes
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
IEHAS Discussion Papers MT-DP - 2017/9
Abstract (Translated): 
In most transition countries the first newly elected governments decided on promoting the change of large scale agriculture into small scale family farming, for coping the West European model. Their political decisions were supported by internal and international advisors. Small properties were created by the agricultural privatizations and the maximum farm sizes were legally limited. Different restrictions were also introduced against exceeding these limits. These limitations are still in force in Hungary. However the real development has significantly differed from the original political intentions. In many countries, among them in Hungary, large farms survived or revived. One reason of this was that the historical development differed essentially from the West European. Small farming had not much tradition in these countries. Before the decades of socialism large estates dominated the land size structure for centuries and then generations grew up without possessing the skills of small farming. In the more developed socialist countries large farms became well equipped during that time, their productivity grew and could ensure better living conditions for many laborers than their fathers and grandfathers had. It has to be mentioned that at the time of transition there was a transformation for larger farming in many West European countries, as well, owing to the higher productivity requirements. The other reasons of the revival of large farms - at least in Hungary - were the deficiencies of legislation. The limit of farm size was applied for instance to persons and not to families. Further on much land also could be rented from owners who did not farm on their new properties. Many cooperative farms survived also in some forms of companies and state farms transformed into private companies, as well. Later on many agricultural companies, food processing and other firms, domestic and foreign trade enterprises, servicing firms, etc. were united by big shareholder investors in huge joint-stock companies. They are called agro integrations. In this way some farms of these companies are farming on some hundred thousand hectares at present and own big live stocks. These farms also integrate many small holdings in general, either in the form of renting or in some other manner. This model of large estates is very likely similar in some other former European socialist countries.
agro integration
land tenure
Document Type: 
Working Paper
Social Media Mentions:

Files in This Item:
537.52 kB

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.