Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/190107
Authors: 
Bhalotra, Sonia R.
Clarke, Damian
Gomes, Joseph Flavian
Venkataramani, Atheendar S.
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Working Paper 2018/58
Abstract: 
Raising women's political participation leads to faster maternal mortality decline. We estimate that the introduction of quotas for women in parliament results in a 9-12 per cent decline in maternal mortality. In terms of mechanisms, it also leads to an 8-11 per cent increase in skilled birth attendance and a 6-11 per cent increase in prenatal care utilization. We find reinforcing evidence from the period in which the United States experienced rapid declines in maternal mortality. The historical decline made feasible by the introduction of antibiotics was significantly greater in states that had longer exposure to women's suffrage.
Subjects: 
gender
maternal mortality
quotas
suffrage
women's political representation
JEL: 
I14
I15
O15
ISBN: 
978-92-9256-500-8
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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