Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/188963
Authors: 
Balzer, Harley D.
Askonas, Jon
Year of Publication: 
2016
Citation: 
[Journal:] Triple Helix [ISSN:] 2197-1927 [Volume:] 3 [Year:] 2016 [Issue:] 1 [Pages:] 1-31
Abstract: 
Russia and China both are endeavoring to transform Soviet-style R&D systems characterized by separate education, research and business spheres into something more suited to a knowledge economy supporting innovation. The Triple Helix model is an attractive configuration, derived from the practices of the most successful innovation systems, and suggesting that the three key actors-universities, business, and the state-might in some instances substitute for each other. A model placing the state at the center appeals to non-democratic regimes and countries endeavoring to catch up with OECD nations.
Subjects: 
Triple Helix
Innovation
Chinese science
Post-Soviet science
Russian science
Science policy
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Document Type: 
Article

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